Kafira stands on the backs of hardworking proletariat and blood thirsty greedy leaders who are ready to turn a cold eye against a friend. Jere believes he has a confidant in Mulili, in fact, the two keep it a secret when Mulili let Mustafa escape (pg14). However, when Jere endorses the hair shaving ceremony, Mulil reports him to boss forgetting the favours Jere had done him. According to Mulili, perhaps, allowing the old couple to carry a simple ceremony was a grave matter compared to letting Mustafa escape. “Mustafa’s case be different. Nobody likely to know he go across the border.” (pg14)
Similarly, Mulili doesn’t hesitate to denounce Boss, “Oh, no, no, is never!” Mulili characteristically denounces his relationship with Boss. Furthermore, he says, “He (Boss) destroys the economic of Kafira……… kill Kabito” Until Boss adamantly pleads for the duo, Jere and Mosese to kill him and spare him Mulili’s betrayal (pg 73).
Boss was given the responsibility to lead the people of Kafira. The people trusted him to bring change and openness in the country, however, Boss betrays the trust the people gave him by becoming a totalitarian leader. In his leadership, there are many homicides whose perpetrators are known to all but, are never detained. Furthermore, he betrays the trust and respect Regina gave him when he attempts to have a way with her. Moreover, Mulili says that Boss has destroyed the economy of Kafira and also, given the word on the street disobeyed the constitution by ruling for too long.
Nicodemo betrayed Mosese by implanting incriminating evidence in Mosese’s car. This prompts Mosese to change his name from Nicodemus to Mosese wa Tonga.
Finally, Mulili betrays his calling as military man by not protecting the people but hounding them into their house and killing them. He kills the couple Nina and Doga. Similarly, Chagaga also betrays his clan and the people of Kafira by killing Adika. In African society, clansmen are supposed to protect their kinsmen no matter what the cost.