CHAPTER aNALYSIS OF THE RIVER AND THE SOURCE by Margaret Ogola PART III


  CHAPTER ONE

THE YOUNG FAMILY OF MARK AND ELIZABETH SIGU

Elizabeth delivered twins Veronica and Rebecca. The two girls had varied personality and physique. Becky (Rebecca) was startlingly beautiful and an avid attention seeker while Vera was quite intelligent and independent minded. When Vera and Becky were two years old, Elizabeth got another child, a boy Aoro. Mark decided that his young family could no longer stay in Nakuru because of the raging struggle for independence in Kenya. He took Elizabeth and the kids to Aluor where he thought they will be safe. This decision was questioned by Mark’s mother who felt the children should her stayed in their paternal home.

Back in Nakuru Mark engages in extra-marital affair with a certain girl. This woman after staying with Mark for some time, she claims to be pregnant. The allegation snaps Mark out of his dreamland and he sends her parking. He decides to go back to Aluor and see his family.

At Aluor Elizabeth decides to park their things and go back to Nakuru since it looked like Mark had forgotten all about them. Elizabeth heard the rumours about a woman in her house but chose to keep them under the bed.  

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER ONE

  1. The birth of the twins; veronica and Rebecca.
  2. Aoro, durng the dry season is born.
  3. The fear of Mau Mau rebels forces Mark to take children to Aluor.
  4. Mark engages in extra-marital affair.

 QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. Do you think it was excusable for Mark to cheat on his wife? If it was, do you support Elizabeth decision to keep quiet about it?
  2. Explain the difference in the character of Vera and Becky.

 OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. Mark realizes the harsh reality of monogamous relationship. He strays a little but now seems to accept the fact that he confessed to have one wife. It does not occur to him that in some parts of his world including his own culture men have more than one wife. What is written all over his face is the guilt of cheating on his wife Elizabeth Awiti.
  2. The responsibility of taking care of the family has slowly shifted from being that of a woman to being the duty of a man. Mark Elizabeth says, must have someone to remind him of his responsibilities. Compare Mark’s responsibility to that of Akoko.

 CHAPTER TWO

FREEDOM OF KENYAN AND WORK

The country celebrates its independence under Mzee Kenyatta and Oginga Odinga, everyone is happy that finally Uhuru has come. The country is faced by so many problems including incompetence or as Kenyatta put it ignorance, poverty and………… the leaders call people t go back to the lands and work.

 

There were so many job opportunities and in 1967, Mark got a promotion as manager and moved to a much bigger house. He now had a bigger family which consisted of; Vera and Becky, Aoro, Anthony Jr, the twins, Opiyo and Odongo and the last born Mary.

 

Vera was a brilliant and hardworking student while Becky, who got everything she wanted did not know hoe to put in much more effort. Vera passed her certificate of Primary education but declined to join the national school she had been called to. She joined Becky’s school (Riverside high) instead.

 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER TWO

  1. Independence and its associated problems.
  2. Marks hardwork and the labour of putting shelter on his family.
  3. Progress of Marks family.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER TWO

  1. Expound on the emerging differences between Vera and Becky.
  2. According to the chapter, outline the problems Kenya inherited from the colonial government that still bedevils her.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER TWO

  1. The chapter reveals the new kind of slavery. Mark Sigu has to work extra hard to provide for his family. He is enslaved to his job and paying of rent. He does not own a home but rather has to move from one house to another according to how much money he earns. Everything surrounds money and one is counted as being rich according to how much money he/she earns. The money one gets determines where that person lives.
  2. Despite earning substantial amount of money Mark has chosen to stay in rented houses. This is one of the bigger problem that faces most Kenyan towns- a large percentage of urban dwellers do not consider the said urban centers as homes but rather there ancestral homes.
  3. Academics has taken a caste system where those who perform well go to better schools while those with abysmal performance are relegated to what is considered as smaller schools. Does this procedure inhibit some student potential?

CHAPTER THREE

AORO SIGU

Aoro sigu was like Obura son of Owuor Kembo. He was ‘swift and bright; confident and curious’ with three younger boys under him, he became overly adventurous. One day they went fishing, Aoro and Tony took to fishing oblivious of their brothers Opiyo and Odongo.

Odongo Almost drowned but the noise of Opiyo who was screaming attracted the bigger boys who rescued their brother. At home, there was a case waiting for them. Aoro and Tony were punished for it was there word against the younger boys.

The boys swore never to go anywhere with Opiyo and Odongo.

Meanwhile Tony develops acute appendicitis and is rushed to the hospital at night. Aoro is very worried of his brother but receives the good news that after operation, Tony will be well.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER THREE

  1. The near death experience of Odongo by drowning.
  2. Tony develops an acute appendicitis.

 QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. Narrate and event in your life where your parent(s) punished you severely.
  2. Do you support how the Sigu’s treated their children?

 OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. The rigors of family life are setting in and the Sigu’s have to deal with the day to day challenges of raising a family. The near death experience of Odongo opens Mark to the dangers crawling outside there where he thought the boys could not venture out to. He now realizes that there is so much to young boys that just sitting around or in the neighbourhood.
  2. Tony’s appendicitis literally gives us the notion that, as a parent, one sleeps with one eye open. This emergency also opens a door to good neighbourliness, if it were not for the neighbour’s help, Mark would have lost his child.

CHAPTER FOUR

AN EPIPHANY FOR AORO SIGU

Aoro examines Tony’s stitches and a fortnight later, he operates on a helpless frog successfully. His journey to medical school had begun.

Peter pays them a visit. Every child in the house is excited to be with him especially Tony who has hundreds of questions about priesthood. Mark is apprehensive for it is evident that Tony is eyeing priesthood. Many parents have reservations when children tend to incline to fields they (parents) are not comfortable with. Peter was on his way to getting a promotion to become bishop.

After staying for a while, he left for Aluor to pay a visit to his Aunt Maria, (Some versions of books say COUSIN MARIA* pg165 but it should be considered just as a typing error and corrected)

It was decided that Opiyo and Odongo should go with Peter and keep their grandmother Maria Awiti company.

Aoro performs exceptionally is invited to join one of the best schools in the country. This inspires Tony to work even harder.

At school Aoro takes time to adapt and is sent home for indiscipline. His suspension attracts the wrath of his Father who grants him independence as an adult to start a life.

Aoro is troubled to submission and changes his view of his father. He resolves to go back to school and never disappoint.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER FOUR

  1. Aoro like his great great ancestor Obanda, from whom Akoko Obanda got her name from, shows his passion in medicine.
  2. Tony shows an interest in priesthood when Uncle Peter pays them a visit. Peter is on the way to becoming Bishop.
  3. Opiyo and Odongo are taken to Aluor to keep their grandmother company.
  4. Aoro joins Form one but he receives a suspension which ends him on the wrong side of his father.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER FOUR

  1. Do you think Aoro’s punishment was justifiable? Explain.
  2. What are some of the harsh realities in boarding schools?
  3. As a parent, would you allow your child to join priesthood? Explain.
  4. Write an essay showing how priesthood is looked at today.

 OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER FOUR

  1. Many parents fail to notice the interests of young children at this age. Aoro is now discovering his niche and according to the result of his experiment he is quite good. There are things children do in childhood which opens up new avenues for r their lives in future and technically Aoro is on the right track.
  2. Regardless of their choices, children stir quite a dilemma in their parent’s life. Anthony Jr. has overzealous questions for his uncle Peter about the seminary and church. Mark calmly contemplates whether he has the audacity to let his son, though he had other sons to follow what he (Tony) believes in. most parents have had to kill their children’s dreams by virtue of controlling their life and knowing what is better for the kid.

CHAPTER FIVE

NEAR DEATH EXPERIENCE!!!

This chapter is a flashback of the birth of Mary the last born of Mark and Elizabeth Sigu. The pregnancy was a torturous one for Elizabeth given that she developed a high pressure. The doctors feared for both the mother and the child’s life. Elizabeth held on until the induction of labour which gave her the girl Mary.

Mary received glowing love from Mark her father. She was taken to the best private school and her father personally drove her to school. This attracted envy from Becky who was known to be the only attention seeker.

Becky’s remark about how Mary was loved by their father brought a huge scuffle between the twins Vera and Becky. This brought a huge rift between the girls never to be amended

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER FIVE

  1. Pregnancy and the birth of Mary- the last born child.
  2. Showers and floods of love shown to mary by her father creating envy in Becky.
  3. Confrontation between Becky and Vera which attracts intervention from their mother.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER FIVE

  1. Do you believe in the saying that most last borns are spoiled? Explain.
  2. Vera and Becky show the height of sibling rivalry. Explain the impact of this rivalry to their relationship.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER FIVE

  1. The value of life is appreciated in this chapter. Mark puts everything at risk to try and save his last born’s life from the jaws of death. He puts his wife’s life in danger but at the end of the day, his prayers and fears pays up.
  2. Vera and Becky’s relationship degenerates into bitter and painful reflections. Did the parents see this coming? It is important for parents to be on the look out for such vital signs especially when kids advance in age. More often, sibling rivalry break that blood bond beyond repair especially in occasions where children have different personalities like Vera and Becky.

CHAPTER SIX

THE DEATH OF MARIA AWITI

The secondary school results came out and Vera had done well in sciences and Mathematics. Becky got second division which she was well pleased with. Antony got 36 points in his Certificate for Primary Education. He surely knew he had earned a spot in Aoro’s school. Becky wanted to look for work but Mark insisted that he should go back for A-levels.

Meanwhile a telegram from Aluor brings in news of Maria’s sickness. Elizabeth is beside herself with fear. Maria dies in hospital Elizabeth by her bedside.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SIX

  1. The children pass their exams and Mark prevails upon his beautiful daughter Becky to continue with her A-levels.
  2. Maria dies at the age of 70.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. Relate the death of Maria to that of Akoko Obanda.
  2. In your opinion and basing on Becky’s decision not to join A-levels. What is the importance of education?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. Beckey was extremely beautiful. Any man certainly would have paid heavy bride price for her. Consider many years ago- Akoko was exceptionally beautiful and thirty head of cattle were given in appreciation. At this age and time hover, what Beckey is looking for is work and Mark, instead of being ready to take in suitors, is busy sending his girls to school.
  2. The death of Maria Nyabera yanks life away from Aluor and the present da river rages on in Nakuru wanting to burst into other corners of the world. From what we see, this river does not turn back.

CHAPTER SEVEN

THE RUNAWAY BECKY

Opiyo and odongo return to Nakuru after staying with their grandmother. Education is central among the Sigus and as examinations approach, five candidates at the same time, the house is on fire. Aoro was sitting for his O-levels, Vera and Becky for the A-levels and Opiyo and Odongo for the Certificate of Primary Education.

Vera and Becky are now in the prime of their ages and boys are milling around. One guy, Tommy Muhambe is interested in Vera. Vera brings this question to her dad requesting for permission to go with Tommy to the movies.

When results came out, Aoro had performed well in his O-levels with six distinctions. Vera got two A’s and a B. she decided to do electrical engineering at the university.

Becky flunked in her subjects but she had other plans which after the results she put into force by secretly eloping from home leaving behind a note.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. Opiyo and odongo return to Nakuru after the death of their grandmother.
  2. There are a total of five candidates at different levels in Mark’s houe. Opiyo and Odomgo doing their CPE, Aoro his O-levels and Vera and Becky their A-levels.
  3. Vera asks permission to go to the movies with Tommy Muhambe.
  4. When results come out, Vera decides to pursue electrical engineering while Becky elopes to the city.

 QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. Differentiate between life in traditional African courtship and modern day courtship.
  2. Explain the character of Vera as shown in this chapter contrasting it to her twin Becky.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. Vera portrays maturity when she asks her father to give her permission to go to the movies. She showcases aspects of adult responsibility and respect for her father unlike many girls who elope without asking.  It was unthinkable for her father to deny her such a huge chance when she had expressed herself very well.
  2. Becky on the other her shows her sheer lack of self expression by simply slipping away without having her chance with her parents. The image here is reminiscent of many families whose children choose to escape into a world where they think they can make independent decisions.

CHAPTER EIGHT

LIFE IN CAMPUS AND THE BREAK UP

Life in the campus was fun. Vera did not know what to do with so much freedom at hand. Many girls in the campus were either dating the rich affluent that picked them at school or seeing some campus students.

Vera maintained her steady relationship with Tommy. Tommy proposes to her but she declines ending their 3 year relationship. With emptiness in her heart, Vera ventures on a journey to look for her long lost twin sister.

She finally tracks her sister at Jomo Kenyatta International airport.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. Vera adapts to campus life and its freedom.
  2. Tommy’s proposal from marriage is humbly rejected by Vera.
  3. Vera goes on the hunt for her long lost sister and tracks her down at the Airport.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. Explain the reasons for Tommy’s rejection. Was it premature to propose?
  2. Do you think Vera made the right decision to track down her sister? Discuss.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. The decision on marriage now lies between two consenting adults. It is not like time ago where the father accepted or rejected the offer. Vera unlike her great grandmother turns down Tommy Muhambe’s marriage proposal.

 

CHAPTER NINE

BECKY RETURNS HOME

Becky lived an affluent life. She was now dating John Courtney a Canadian national who was a pilot. Vera was shocked that they were planning to get married without informing Becky’s parents. The conversation turned towards going back home. John quipped in and the two managed to convince Becky to go and see her parents.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER NINE

  1. Becky is engaged to be married to a Canadian John Courtney, the pilot.
  2. Vera and John manage to convince her to go back  home and visit her parents

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. Discuss the barriers associated with inter-racial marriages.
  2. Does Becky love Courtney or money? Explain.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. Society is now expanding making the world a global village. Inter-racial marriages are now commonplace. Vera seems comfortable with her white boyfriend.

 CHAPTER TEN

‘OPUS DEI’

Mary-Anne Ngugi was Vera’s friend and roommate in the university. In her loneliness, Vera opened up to Mary- Anne about their love gone sour with Tommy. Vera too had been heartbroken with her action. The two girls talk about Vera’s twin Becky. The conversation extends to the larger Sigu family.

Mary-Anne invites Vera to a recollection at Parkview College, which she readily agrees. It was Sunday the two girls went to church where they enjoyed service. After service Vera’s mind had many questions about her religion and how well she knew it.

That evening she went to watch a play and enjoyed it. The week that followed was full for most student in the university were preparing for their final exams. Vera had learned the art of preparing early and so she was more than ready.

When Saturday came, the girls boarded a matatu towards Kangemi. Vera was introduced to a group of Christians who had different view of church and work among other lives challenges.

She got out of the church puzzled but Mary-Anne offered to give her books which will help her understand better.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER TEN

  1. After the break up Vera resumes normal life trying to re-establish herself.
  2. She attends a church service where she starts questioning her spirituality and how well she knows God.
  3. Mary-Anne introduces her to a group of strict church people where she earnestly starts on the journey of understanding her mission towards God.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER TEN

  1. Vera sets on a new journey to redefine herself. Discuss the events that transpired in Nyabera’s life back then that led to such huge change we see in the book.
  2. There are many questions about spirituality that we confront every day. Basing on Vera’s questions, do you think learned people appreciate Christian values and their roles? Discuss.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER TEN

  1. Usually when one is faced by major challenges in life, they reflect upon their life to make some decisions which may ultimately change their future.  Vera, recovering from a broken relationship tries to make some decisions which bring her closer to understanding her spirituality. This leads us to the question, is it only pain and despair that draws us closer to our God?
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THE RIVER AND THE SOURCE by Margaret Ogola PART III


PART III

LOVE AND LIFE

Love and Life yanks us from the painful oppression of death into a new realm of love and understanding. Mark Sigu, we can now imagine what they talked about with Akoko, steers his family away from tradition into the new sphere of the evolving world.

He is blessed with 7 children 4 boys and three girls. Each child has different personality. We see Mark and Elizabeth as capable parents who administer discipline and love to their children. The two parents provide education food and shelter to their new life and work best to establish family unity.

Mark seems more than ready for his task for he works extra hard to ensure his family’s posterity. When Kenya attains her independence and there are new opportunities, Mark takes correspondence class and he is promoted to position of a manager.

As a man and one who ad sworn to monogamy, Mark works out of the desires of his body to build his love for Elizabeth and family. Elizabeth though sidelined in most of this part, shows a greater understanding of her man and her parenting reflects her agility and bravery.

She does not cordone indiscipline but is tender and loving. She offers food to the boys, Aoro and Tony when the two had been punished for not being on the look out of their young brother Opiyo and Odongo. She hastily breaks into Aoro and Tony’s room when Tony suffers acute appendicitis and also quickly rushes to her son Aoro when he faints after a day of starvation.

Despite her love for her children, Elizabeth keeps a straight head and clear vision not to spoil her kids. She stands behind when Aoro is punished by his father, though she knew the punishment was punitive and way above discipline, she took a back step until it was time for her intervention. She also steps back when Mark pours his love over their last born Mary.

Through love ad life we are passed through the rigors of parenting, the pain of child bearing and the constant desire of providing for the family despite the harsh economic realities. Mark bravely takes s into the rat race to try and manage the care of his family.

On the other hand, we silently follow the children as they grow into adulthood. From the brave and confident Vera to her timid and self possessed twin sister. The relationship of the two girls sours as they take on different personalities in life. Aoro and Antony also come out strongly shaping their destinies different ways though the show unrivalled level of competence. Aoro takes medicine while Anthoy joins the seminary. The twins Opiyo and Odongo also manifest differently.

As we manoeuvre trough part III of The River and the Source we ultimately draw a line between the quest for independence in Kenya and the struggle to shape one’s identity in the rapidly metamorphosing society.

CHAPTER ANALYSIS FOR THE RIVER AND THE SOURCE (PART II) BY Margaret Ogola


   CHAPTER ONE

DEATH OF OKUMU ANGOLO AND WIFE INHERITANCE

Nyabera had no children since most of her children were known to die. She got pregnant and got a baby girl. A ritual was performed to enhance the survival of the girl child. Nyabera’s girl was wrapped in a soft skin and placed at the gate of the homestead. A woman picked her up and took her to the nearest homestead which was Nyabera’s .

The child was called Awiti for it had been picked on the road. Okumu, when Awiti is three years old, falls sick and dies. After funeral, a suitable relative is chosen to inherit Nyabera. The man’s name was Ogoma Kwach.

After sometime, the man forgets his parental duties and focuses on his inherited wife who was not really his. The matter is taken to the council of Jodongo. After deliberation, Nyabera is deeply hurt so she decides to seek alternative means of comfort.

She had heaerd of Christianity/ she approaches the only man who has any of the information about Christianity, Pilipo-the drunkard. Piipo offers little insight which of course is only what Nyabera needed.

Nyabera distributed her wealth and went to yimbo to see her mother. She consulted with Akoko, left Awiti with her mother and headed to Gem (Aluor) to start a new life.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER ONE

  1. Birth of Awiti and rituals surrounding her.
  2. Death of Okumu and the coming of Ogoma Kwach to continue his (Okumu’s lineage)
  3. Nyabera decides to join Christianity and mover to Aluor, Gem

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER ONE

  1. Do you think wife inheritance is a viable option for young widows? Explain.
  2. Explain the implications of Nyabera joining the

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER ONE

  1. The chapter introduces us to the luo tradition of wife inheritance, ita implications and how naturally man is monogamous. It demystifies the myth that a man ought to have more than one wife, we see this in Ogoma, who neglects his other wives and spends much of his tome with Nyabera.
  2. Christianity and how confused the people are in embracing it is also brought to the fore. We find Pilipo trying as hard as he can to come to term with some of the hard concepts of Christianity when Nyabera asks him for information.

 

CHAPTER TWO

NYABERA IS BAPTISED MARIA

Nyabera travelled from Yimbo to Gem. She arrived in Gem very late, slept in the chief catechist house. The following morning, she explained her reason for coming. She was inducted into Christianity where she thistly learned the ways of the new religion. She was baptized Maria. 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER TWO

-Nyabera is baptized Maria

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER TWO

  1. What is the impact of Christian baptism and change of name?
  2. Do you the Nyabera found the solace she was searching for?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER TWO

  1. Nyabera is given a new name to signify her change of perspective. She was inducted into the new religion which she is proud of. She forgets Were God of the rising sun and embraces a Christian God. It should be important to note that, Nyabera’s choice was motivated by dissatisfaction and humiliation.
  2. Another significant thing that erupts is the spirit of adventure and accepting change. Regardless of her believes in tradition, Nyabera easily absorbs the ways of the white man and willingly accepts Christianity.
  3. We also come across a Akoko society which now easily accepts change. This society is independent minded and does not really on the conservative traditional pool of other people.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

NYABERA RETURNS IN YIMBO

After baptism, Nyabera visits her parent Akoko. She is very happy with her new name Maria, Regardless of the happiness her mother notices that there is something she earnestly longs for. She had not found everything that she was looking for.

Akoko agrees to go with her to Gem. The remaining family of Owuor Kembo starts a journey to aluor where they settle in the christian community. The family was made up of, Akoko her daughter Nyabera now Maria, her grandson, Owuor Sino and her granddaughter Awiti.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER THREE

-Akoko’s family sets new camp among a christian community in Aluor, Gem.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. Does Christianity offer all the answers to all that one is longing for? Why is Nyabera dissatisfied?

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. Change is transformatrional, it is like moving from one place to the other, therefore the migration of Akoko with the remnants of her family to Aluor represents physical ghange which conceptually will change their mindset and way of thinking. It will expose tem to rigors of life that definitely will bring into the fore a clear eyed look at life and what is unfolding.

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

NEW LIFE IN GEM

In Aluor, the children are enrolled in both the catechism and reading classes where they progress with keen determination. They are baptized into christienity and they receive new names. The boy, Owuor Sino is Called Petro, The girl, Awiti is called Elizabeth and Akoko, their grandmother receives the name Veronicah.

After baptism, Maria Nyabera decides to go back to her matrimonial home. She leaves without reason or explanation. Was she on the quest for something? While she was away, Petro Owuor Sino develops an interest in vocation. He confides in Awiti for he is afraid to tell Akoko. The two children decide to wait until Nyabera Comes back.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER FOUR

  1. Awiti and Owuor receiving western Education
  2. Baptism of Akoko, Awiti and Owuor Sino.
  3. Nyabera goes away on the quest to find a child and a husband.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER FOUR

  1. What is the significance of Maria’s disappearance?
  2. Would you allow your only existing child to take to vocation?
  3. Do you think Petro was right to fear his grandmother?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER FOUR

  1. Despite being next in line to become chief of Sakwa, Petro owuor Sino labours with the pain of following his true calling. He nonetheless forfeits his mission with his vision. He is Unlike Waiyaki in The River Between who keeps his father’s words and prophesy to save the ridges when the time comes. Owuor on the other hand, chooses to continue with his new calling and nullifies his own responsibility.

 

CHAPTER FIVE

THE VOCATION

After several years away, Nyabera comes back to Aluor beaten by life but still holding on. She confesses her sins and confides in her mother Akoko. Later Nyabera and Petro Owuor Sino speak to Akoko about Sino’s vocation.

She agrees and gives Petro Owuor Sino a new name Peter Owuor Kembo. Owuor Sino forsakes his mission to become chief of Sakwa and follows his dream of becoming a priest.

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER FIVE

  1. Petro Owuor Sino’s vocation.
  2. Petro’s change of name to Peter Owuor Kembo.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER FIVE

1. Establish the difference between Petro Owuor Sino and Obura Kembo.

2. Explain the height of Akoko’s generosity.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER FIVE

  1. Akoko on the other hand left her matrimonial home to a distant land in Alour where she has learned to call home. She Forfeits her desire to reclaim her matrimonial home in Owuor Sino but rather lets owuor to follow his dream. This two portrays the height of understanding and accepting change no matter the cost.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER SIX

GIRL EDUCATION

Owuor joined the seminary as his cousin Elizabeth was enrolled in the newly established primary school. There were very few girls in schools since most girls were being married of at young age. Elizabeth was hardworking and in fact she came top of her class.

 

Elizabeth Awiti OKumu was invited to a teachers’ training college. Her mother is beside herself with fear since Elizabeth was her only child. Akoko sees Maria, Elizabeth mother’s weakness and reprimands her.

 

Making the decision of letting Elizabeth follow her dream is a hard one. Akoko wishes that her husband Owuor Kembo were around to help her.

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SIX

  1. Elizabeth joins primary school and passes exceptionally at the top of her class.
  2. Nyabera, Elizabeth’s mother shows reservations to let her only child go.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. Do you think Nyabera is justified in feeling insecure about her girl furthering her education?
  2. Explain early African belief about girl child education. Do you think these beliefs have changed?

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. The progress of Elizabeth Awiti disapproves many skeptics who thought girl education was useless. She underscores the value of equality in both children in education and outlines the fact that girls too are capable of great achievements.
  2. Maria Nyabera represents a league of mothers and women who have a thought that education spoils the girl. She fears that her girl might not get a suitor due to her extensive and expanding education. She does not seem to understand the value and purpose of girl education.

CHAPTER SEVEN

LIFE IN COLLEGE

There are six girls and 28 men in college. Awiti concentrates on her education. Exceptional students like her are feared by men. This is aggravated by the fact that her cousin is in the seminary.

Finally, Awiti meets a man, Mark Anthony Oloo Sigu during exeat. Mark is smitten by her and concerned why she is always alone. Mark tells her that he was in the army and that he had been called to work in Nakuru. She promises to reply to his letters if and when he writes.

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. Elizabeth and her college life.
  2. Meeting Mark Anthony Oloo Sigu.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. What problems do bright girls face while in college?
  2. Explain your understanding of education and relationships in contemporary society.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. There is a slow change in the manner courtship was carried. Instead of sending a jawangyo to look for a suitable mikayi for Mark, he takes it upon himself to reach out for the girl.
  2. Segregation on religious ground and personal conviction is imminent as Elizabeth leads a lonely life because of her brightness and religious bringing.

 

 

CHAPTER EIGHT

I  HAVE SEEN THE FUTURE-AKOKO. THE RIVER WILL CONTINUE

Awiti  finds the audacity to reply to Mark’s unrelenting letters. The two engage each other about their families. They only medium was letters since Mark was away in Nakuru working. After sometime, Mark tells Awiti that he would be coming to see her parents.

Since there were only females in ALuor, Akoko sends word to Sakwa and Yimbo. Matters of marriage negotiations are well handled by men. They plan for the day, Kong,o, the traditional brew is made among other delicacies.

Finally, the day arrives and Mark Anthony Oloo Siguu arrives with his entourage of six. They are welcome by Awiti’s family. There were the twins of Oloo, Akoko’s sister ie Opiyo and Odongo, there was Peter Owour Kembo from the seminary and people from Sakwa.

The negotiations continued after introduction. The day was reminiscent of the day chief Owour Kembo arrived in Yimbo to asak for Akoko’s hand. Mark Oloo to had arrived in full battle regalia. It was a mark of the old in the new since a stone throw away was a church and a school.

The bride price was set at a token bull, two cows and six goats a surprise to the people of Seme, where Mark came from. The y had in fact planned for a high bride price and set aside 24 heads of cattle. After negotiations, there was the drinking of Kong’o and talking.

Akoko summoned is new grandson-in-law to sit by her side. She was seen to be happy smiling and laughing. That night, in the wee hours of the morning, Adoyo Obanda Akelo Akoko christened Veronicah died peacefully in sleep.

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. Elizabeth gathering the courage to write to Mark Oloo Siguu
  2. Marriage negotiations at Aluor where Elizabeth is betrothed to Mark Anthony Oloo Siguu.
  3. The deathof Akoko Obanda

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. Outline the similarities between the betrothals of AKoko to that of Awiti.
  2. Was a mature time for Akoko to die? Explain.
  3. The book compares Akoko’s death to that of Simeon and Anna of the Bible after they had seen baby Jesus. How relevant is this comparison?

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. There is a change in the way relationships are conducted. We encounter long distance relationship where the medium of communication was the letter. We also see a relationship where, a girl or the boy does not look for antecedents in each family line to test whether they are related.
  2. Akoko dies a happy life for she feels her mission has been fulfilled. She sees Mark and Awiti as possible transformes of the future she had hoped for. She knows that her river will never run dry. What exactly did Akoko and Mark Siguu discuss?

CHAPTER NINE

END OF AN ERA

Akoko is buried in Aluor where she had spent most of her adult life. The mass is conducted two priest and six deacons among them Peter Owuor Kembo.

It is hard to come to terms with her sudden death for she had looked so full of life. Mark wants to be beside his wife to be but she turns him away harshly for she wants to be alone.

Nyabera becomes the wise one and retells the story of the great Adoyo Obanda aka Akoko. This calms her daughter Awiti who goes and apologises to Mark as she picks her pot of water from the river.

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER NINE

  1. The burial of Adoyo Obanda aka Veronica Akoko.
  2. Elizabeth’s reaction to her grandmother’s death.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. What’s the impact of the death of Akoko to the flow of the story?
  2. Explain your reaction to the demise of one of the key character in the story.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. Despite the challenges in life, we got to go on living. Adoyo Obanda’s death, though sudden and unexpected leaves room for the remaining people of her family to take control of their destiny. It is obvious in the book that Elizabeth Awiti and Her mother Maria Nyabera heavily relied on her wise counsel on key matters. Her death poignantly places them at the centre of key decision making and from this chapter; Nyabera starts in a good stead.

CHAPTER TEN

THE ULTIMATE BOND

After the period of mourning, Peter went to Rome. Elizabeth and Mark waited for him to come and conduct their marriage ceremony. He was ordained as a priest and posted to a parish but he had a mission to fulfill. He came back to Aluor and conducted the wedding of Elizabeth Awiti and Mark Anthony Oloo Siguu.

The newlyweds went to live in Nakuru where Mark was working. It was not long when Elizabeth starteds experiencing the early signs of pregnancy. The cople did not know and therefore, Elizabeth ended up aborting the tender pregnancy after taking Anti-malarial.

It took time for her to get pregnant again rising Mark’s mother curiosity. Finally she was pregnant again. The two were happy.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER THREE

  1. The ordination of Peter Owuor Kembo into priest hood.
  2. Mark Anthony Marries Elizabeth Awiti OKumu
  3. The confusion of their first pregnancy.
  4. Jubilant young expectant couple

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. What has failed in parenting and grooming of young people into marriage? Why do you think Elizabeth had her first pregnancy terminated?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER THREE

  1. It is evident that young couples who choose to live away from the community as it was ago, have challenges knowing the most common early signs of pregnancy. Mark gives his young wife anti-malarial a mistake which he is oblivious of. The two seem to not have considered thinking of pregnancy or still had not known anything about marital expectations.

END OF PART II

 

CHAPTER ANAYSIS OF THE RIVER AND THE SOURCE by Margaret Ogola


PART II

THE ART OF GIVING

The Art of Giving is Self sacrifice. It is putting away all you believed in and embracing the others needs. Akoko in this chapter gives more than she receives. The part I end when she has lost all that she could have held to in her matrimonial home. She forsakes her happy life as a married woman and goes home to lead a desolate life as a migogo. A migogo meant that, she will be looked down upon by her brothers’ wife. She would be ridiculed and if we remember well; Akoko did not take lightly ridicule or sneer. There was a time she shouted down her mother-in-law (maro) for accusing her of being a witch (juok).

Akoko knew very well what she was getting into when she settled down in her brother Oloo’s house. She was ready to live with them as l;ong as her grandson Owuor Sino found comfort other than being molested in Otieno’s household. She left the wealth she had build in years in Sakwa to live among her paternal household.

As we manoeuvre through part II we found that there is more to giving than the want to help. Giving involves denial of one’s comfort for the sake of others. Nyabera tries in earnest to get and raise children for her and her husband Okumu. When Okumu dies, she tries it with Ogoma Kwach but all fails. In despair and with only one child, she joins Christianity. Not long in Christianity, she heard of a man whose wife had died. She leaves her mother, daughter and nephew in Aluor to satisfy her quest but returns having failed. She learns the hard way that, it’s better to be content than trying to give and find happiness where there is none.

The biggest sacrifice ever in part II however is when Akoko blesses her grandson Petro Owuor Sino (Peter Owuor Kembo) to take on his vocation. In accepting to this outrageous decision, Akoko loses her right to reclaim her matrimonial home and the continuity of her and her husband’s lineage- given that most African communities were patrilineal. In letting Peter become a vicar, she made him and those of her keen lose the chief stool to the younger family in Sakwa. She literally cut her links with Sakwa permanently.

Therefore Giving is an art since few people are ready to go to such extremes as Akoko, Nyabera and those around her, to let those they love enjoy their life to the fullest.

THE RIVER AND THE SOURCE by Margaret Ogola


CHAPTER SIX

ANOTHER ROCK FOR MY SLING-OWANG’SINO

After her return from Yimbo, Akoko conceived and begat a baby boy who was named Owang’Sino. The boy was fond of his father and glowed with pleasure with his father was around. Owour Kembo remained monogamous. His brother had now four wives with 18 children. There is contrast between the two brothers. ‘Otieno treated his wives like sluts while Owuor treated his wife like a queen. In both cases the treatment was returned without fail. ‘

 

Years ran into each other and stories about the White man, jorochere started reaching Sakwa. The stories were embellished by Ambere K’Ongoso. People half believed Ambere but when he went again with Nyaroche, the stories were now too much for Obura. They talked about Pesa and many more exciting things. This attracted the curiosity of Obura Kembo. He was 17 seasons old.

Obura broached the question to his mother whom his was fond of. She reprimanded him for being lazy and believing stories of the two lay abouts were saying. She advised Obura, since he was 17 seasons old, to look for a girl from Chumbu Kombit if he wanted to walk and see the world. She reminded Obura about his position as first born and in line to become chief.

Akoko talked to her husband who advised his son too. After talking to his son, he called Nyaroche and Ambere and warned them about filling his son ‘with stupid talk.’  

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SIX

  1. The conception and birth of Akoko’s second son Owang’Sino
  2. Stories about Jorochere and Obura’s curiosity.
  3. The parent’s curiosity about Obura’s suggestions and forewarning him.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. Explain your understanding of collaboration as displayed in The River and the Source.
  2. What is your opinion about the role of young people in the state of colonialism in Kenya?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SIX

  1. Chapter pictures how it is easier to manage a young family and the boisterous and disorderliness of a huge and polygamous family. Outline some other differences between monogamy and polygamy.
  2. The curiosity in Obura is atypical response that young people have shown towards change. The parent’s however check on the on them by warning of the unexpected.

 

CHAPTER SEVEN

OBURA ESCAPES

Is it possible to detain a young mind? Obura disapproves Owuor Kembo and AKoko Nyar Alego by eloping with Nyaroche and Ambere. When the morning comes, the village wakes with the sad reality that the three men were missing. A search party is hastily formed to look for the three men.

Akoko fears for her boy. She pleads to Were, god of the rising sun. She prays earnestly. After hours of searching, the search party to Gem came with the sad news, which the three had been taken away by the white men’s moving metals. Akoko mourns with a reality of doom that only a mother feels.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. The escape of Obura.
  2. The news from the herdsmen which prompts formation of a search party.
  3. Akoko’s premonition.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. Explain the gravity of Obura’s escape  to the village of Sakwa.
  2. According to Akoko’s Premonition do you think she believes her son will come back unscathed. Explain
  3. What is the significance of Akoko’s premonition in the development of the plot.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER SEVEN

  1. This chapter fills us with a premonition of doom. It outlines the first impediment the River encounters on its course.
  2. Obura just like other young characters from other books, Nwoye, in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe and Waiyaki in The River Between, Represent a clique of young people who were daring to go against the norm of the society. Significantly, they represent different views of the authors on the process of colonialism and how Africans are to behave in post colonial Africa. The way Ngugi wa Thimg’o portends in the character of waiyaki is an educated African elite who comes back too ‘domesticate’ his knowledge and not ‘alienate’ the people with his knowledge. Sadly, Chinua Achebe and Margaret Ogola do not expound on this issue in their books.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER EIGHT

TRAGEDY

THE sudden departure of Obura hangs in the air for a very long time. The people of Sakwa waited in anticipation for what may come of the son of owuor Kembo. Apart from very few who had ventured out, the people of sakwa had never gotten in touch with the outside world.

 

One day when people dressed in modern clothes came to sakwa, they were greeted with curious stares from the children. These men were bearers of sad news. In the outside world the Jo-Ingereza- the English were fighting with the Jo-jerman. The year was 1918.

 

The bearers of sad news were directed to the chief’s house. They claimed to have been sent by the sirikal-Whiteman’s government. The chief listened to them keenly as they explained what sirikal is, the British-German war and what essentially had brought them to Sakwa.

 

The man, who was obviously the spokesman for he did most of the talking, asked the chief whether he knew three man from the village that is Obura Kembo, Nyoroche Silwal and Ambere K’Ongoso. The tree men had gone to war in Tanganyika. Of the three only Nyaroche had survived.

The news was unbearable to the chief who wanted to strangle Nyaroche wherever he was but he learned that the poor Nyaroche was a beggar in Kisuma after losing a leg in war. The village went into mourning for the fallen hero. The fact that there was no body to bury aggravated the condition.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. The memories of Obura refuse to disappear and hangs in the air becoming ominous
  2. War between the jo-ingereza and Jo-jerman
  3. Arrival of messengers with strange clothing.
  4. The Revelation that Obura Kembo and Ambere K’Ongoso died in war

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. 1.       Explain how people in your community announce death.
  2. 2.       What are the practices in your community when a person dies away and the body is not brought for burial?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER EIGHT

  1. The cultural practices surrounding the welcome of guests, the visitors were supposed to be taken to the chief’s house before going to their host
  2. The big role of the first son and the void he leaves when he dies especially if the son was the heir of the chiefs’ stool

 

CHAPTER NINE

IMPACT OF TRAGEDY

Nyabera was 13 when her brother’s news arrived. She was grieved beyond crying and kept qiuet prompting her mother’s (Akoko) intervention. Thereafter, she cried until she would cry no more. She took to wearing the only memory of her brother, the souvenir bracelet the strangers who had brought the sad news left behind. There were inscritptions on the bracelet that if she were learned whe would have read OWUOR, OBURA KEMBO: KAR MIA 1918. The initials KAR means Kenya African Rifles an equivalent to Kenya Army, MIA means Missing In Action.

Akoko  believed that a woman ought to be intelligent, fast on her feet and working. According to Akoko stupidity in a woman was a sin only greater than stupidity in a man, for a man can always find an astute wife to cover his folly, but there’s no man born who can cover a gaping hole left by a foolish woman. (Pg65)

Akoko’s wealth grew that his cattle were so many, to avoid confusion and frustration for watering her cattle. A dam was build for her. At 18, suitors started to call to the house of Owour Kembo for Nyabera. Akoko did not want it to go down as it went down many seasons ago. Finally, a neighbour fro the neighbouring village was chosen for Nyabera.

Nyabera was married to OKumu Angolo. The first three birth of nyabera ended up with the children living for a few months and then dying.

Owang’sino too came of age. Jawang’yo were dispatched to look for him a wife. A suitable girl was found in Uyoma. Before bride price could be paid chief owuor Kembo succumbed to his illness and died. Akoko dorned in Chief Owour Kembo’s monkey skin, took his spear and mourned her husband in great honour. (pg69)

After the burial of chief negotiations went on and ALando Nyar Uyoma was married to Owang’Sino who was now chief. Tragedy seemed to have attacked AKoko’s household, for after getting his first born a Son-Owuor Sino, who  was just starting to walk, chief Owang’Sino choked on a fish bone and died.

The leadership descended on the Otieno Kembo, who was the younger brother to Owuor kembo husband of Akoko for chik did not allow a young person, who was not of marriageable age like Owuor Sino to take over leadership.

 

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER NINE

  1. 1.       Nyabera’s shock and recovery from his brother, Obura death.
  2. 2.       Marriage of Nyabera and her string of dead children.
  3. 3.       The death and mourning of Chief Owour Kembo.
  4. 4.       Marriage of Owang’Sino to Alando Nyar Uyoma
  5. 5.       The death of Owang’Sino
  6. 6.       Otieno Kembo takes over the leadership of Sakwa.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. Explain the significance of the tragedy of Akoko with the death of her only sons and her husband?
  2. What is your evaluation of the luo system of leadership?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER NINE

  1. In a society that is dominated by men, it seem like the walls shielding Akoko had now crumbled, would she manage to remodel her life under the overzealous Otieno Kembo?
  2. Akoko was also called Akelo, Akelo was a childless mother. What is in a name? could her child bearing be traced back to the name Akelo? Can we substantiate the death of two of her children with the fact that she was AKelo?

 

CHAPTER TEN

THE NEW REGIME

Otieno took over leadership with glee and ignorance. As the only male, he took to squandering AKoko’s wealth by marrying another wife and devouring in it mercilessly. Akoko, having no mature son to protect her felt disadvantaged as a woman. She felt helpless and she suddenly needed help.

Being given to sharp memory, she remembered the white man in Kisuma. She made contact with the sirikal. Before she went, Akoko paid her daughter Nyabera who was still on a losing spree having just lost another child. She comforted her and  reaveled her plans of going to Kisuma. She also left her grandson in the hands of Oloo her brother in Yimbo.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER TEN

  1. The leadership of Otieno Kembo
  2. Akoko’s worry and lack of support against the Otieno’s
  3. Akoko’s decision to go to kisuma.
  4. Nyabera with her incessant tragedies.

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER TEN

  1. What’s your observation about the position of women in this society?
  2. Do you think it was advisable for Akoko to reach out to sirikal?
  3. Can we conclude that the lack of freedom prompted Africans to reach out to the colonial masters?

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER TEN

  1. The position of a woman is clearly brought out in this chapter. AKoko had toiled for years to build her wealth to staggering proportions, but now with no son to look upto or husband, she watches helplessly as her brother in law, Otieno Kembo, devours in her wealth.
  2. One of the things that prompted Africans to collaborate with colonial power was draconian African unwritten laws. Some of these oppressive laws are; A woman not owning nothing which prompts Akoko to reach out to the Sirikal.

 

CHAPTER ELEVEN

TRAIL OF PROTEST TO KISUMA

Oloo commands his twin sons Opiyo and Odongo, now mature adults to guard his sister on her way to Kisuma. AKoko, when she sees them, tries to back them down to no avail. The journey begun very early in the morning, like most journeys, these one took Odongo and Opiyo down the history of the clan. AKoko who had mastered the art of storytelling, spun the myth of the Luo dicing in some juicy morsel for the boys to devour.

According to the Luo, Were- God of the rising sun created Ramogi and his brothers and sent them to different parts of the world. Ramogi was sent to the lake region because he had more spirit. Were gave Ramogi a wife Nyar Nam-who embodied th spirit of the lake. They had many sons including Rachuonyo, Sakwa, Asembo, Yimbo, Gem, Uyoma, Nyakach, Seme, and Ugenya.

The children of Ramogi have thrown many heroes like Lwanda Magere, Gor Mahia, Lela Kabanda, Onyango Randar, Ogutu Kipap Among others. (Pg 81-82)

They finally arrived in Kisuma. The town had changed significantly. They met a stranger and enquired on how the can meet the big Chief. The stranger notified them that the town was no longer Kisuma but rather Kisumu. He further told them that the big chief was called the DO-diyoo.

The stranger welcomed them to his house to spend the night since Sunday was not a working day. He told OPiyo and Odongo that they no longer need to carry weapons for the sirikal provided security.

Finally, they lodged their complaint to the DO and the tribunal.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER ELEVEN

  1. For the journey to Kisumu and the journey itself.
  2. History of the Luo community.
  3. Akoko waits for three days before she lodged a complaint to the tribunal.

 

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER ELEVEN

  1. 1.       Explain the significance of the myth in this chapter.
  2. 2.       Is this journey of any significance to the flow of the story? Explain.

 

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER ELEVEN

  1. One of the factors evident as a cause of change is desperation (suffering). Akoko’s decision to go to Kisumu was caused by her feeling the weight of the ineptitude in a male dominated society. It is eident in the boool that there was nothing she could have done under the greed and boisterous uncaring Otieno.
  2. Civilization has not that way robbed Africans the spirit of helping one another. Despite being strangers, Okumu, welcomes Akoko and the two armed men into his house in Kisumu. 

 

CHAPTER TWELVE

AKOKO BECOMES A MIGOGO

Akoko presented her case to the white Do and the tribunal. The DO having listened to their case, needed three months duration to investigate the matter. The twins were amazed at the turn of events that to Odongo it became a story to tell his future generation.

Akoko returned to Sakwa and was shocked to find the wealth she had worked for so in so many years had reduced significantly. Before long, people were seen in the village investigating the issue as the DO had promised.

Akoko did not have to wait for three months for her case to re-open. She went back to Kisumu and the matter was re-opened. The DC and the tribunal suggested that Otino Kembo be removed from office and the council of Jodongo to rule. The council my appoint someone to act as chief. Otieno was to be made to pay all he had grabbed from Akoko.

After the case, she went back to Sakwa where she took the last of her remaining wealth. She left Sakwa and went back to her paternal home where she lived as a migogo in her brother Oloo’s house.

 

SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN CHAPTER TWELVE

  1. Disrespect of Otieno over the wealth of AKoko’s wealth and his anger over what he sees as Akoko’s mistake when she appealed to sirikal.
  2. The deliberation of Akoko’s matter by the sirikal.
  3. Akoko goes back to Yimbo

QUESTIONS FROM CHAPTER TWELVE

  1. Discuss some of societal prejudices that demean the rights of women in African society.
  2. In your own opinion, do you think Akoko got a fair hearing? Explain.

OBSERVATIONS MADE FROM CHAPTER TTWELVE

  1. It is evident that colonial administration is slowly replacing what was previously traditional form of leadership with modern where the people through the council of jodongo can exercise their rights by removing a bad leader.
  2. Akoko with all her active decisions opens the interior of Luo land to the outside world. She also advocates for the rights of women who in this society do not own anything and suffer the wrath of male insubordination.

 

 

END OF PART I