KCSE REVISION 2018 (part 2)

Hello World, we are committed to helping you achieve the best in academics. Drop us your questions in literature and we shall get back to you. Here is our second part.

Thank for your support:

  1. Azdak, despite his Solomonic Wisdom, has some disgraceful traits. Write an essay in support of the statement basing your illustrations on Bertolt Brecht’sThe Caucasian Chalk Circle  Answers here
  2. Runaway oppression and many other injustices are the order of the day in Kafira. Discuss this statement using illustrations from Francis Imbuga’s Betrayal in the City’  Answer here
  3. Greed for worldly possessions can lead to uncontrollable madness. Using Kino, draw illustrations from John Steinbeck’s The PearlAnswer here
  4. Using illustrations from Betrayal in the City, Explain how Francis Imbuga has addressed the issue of bad governance.  Answer here
  5. ‘Some people abandon family members during difficult times for the sake of their own material thirst.’ With illustrations from The Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Brecht, Write an essay on the truth of this statement. Click this to go to answers



KCSE 2018 ESSAY REVIEW (part one)

  1. Not all those you think are happy at your fortune actually are.” With a close reference to Steinbeck’s The Pearl, write an essay on how selfishness is provoked by Kino’s pearl. Find answers here
  2. Revenge can impede progress. Discuss the validity of this statement drawing illustrations from they play Betrayal in the City by Francis Imbuga. Get the discussion here
  3. Elites can play a major role in salvaging countries marred by poor governance. Discuss basing illustrations from Francis Imbuga’s Betrayal in the City. Get the correct answer here
  5. Discuss how John Steinbeck uses allegory in his Short novel The Pearl to pass along his message. Answer here

Hello students, post here more questions and we promise to work hard to respond to them in the shortest time possible.

Our daily answers to your questions will appear on our blog: Wam Literature – https://mwashy.blogspot.com/


A short novel by John Steinbeck 

Before we begin, Answers to your questions are here

Analysis by Musungu Okach

About the Author

John Ernst Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California on February 27th, 1902. John shares the name with his Father. His mother’s name was Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. Steinbeck’s interest in writing begun from his childhood- as a child, his mother would read stories to him- a privilege that made him to be ahead of his peers in Class. At 14, Steinbeck had resolved to become a writer and he would send stories to local newspapers under a pseudonym. Similarly some of the stories would be read in class.

Although he did well to join Stanford University, Steinbeck never completed his college degree. His interest was in gathering as much information from different classes that interested him than getting a degree.

Steinbeck’s writing career took shape in 1928 when he completed his first work The Cup of Gold that would be published in 1929. To a God Unknown would be published in 1933 which will be followed by other works of fiction that truly defined him as an acclaimed author. Throughout his career, Steinbeck wrote works that invoked both negative and positive reviews from critics eg 1936 In Dubious Battle about labour organizers.

Because of his writing, some of Steinbeck’s works would be re-written into play eg Of Men and Mice(1937)  and The Grapes of Wrath (1938.) The idea of writing The Pearl was conceived while Steinbeck with his long-time friend a marine biologist Ed Ricketts was on a trip in the Gulf of California where he heard the story of a boy with a giant pearl. The story would become the inspiration for this 1944 book.

Summary of the plot

Conceived on Steinbeck’s trip in the Gulf of California, the Pearl is set in a small town of La Paz. The book divides the La Paz into a modest town run by European immigrants and the outskirts, near the shoreline where the local people live. The pearl tells the story of a pearl fisherman who fortune befalls after a misfortune. The story of Kino and his dedicated wife Juana start with a misfortune when Kino’s son Coyotito is bitten with a scorpion and the only doctor refuses to treat the boy. However, fortune comes with the finding of a ‘pearl of the world’- a pearl so large and magnificent that sends a shrill in the small village and the town beyond.

On hearing the news of Kino’s find, the doctor claims a stake of the pearl by inducing sickness in Coyotito who was obviously doing well after the home remedy. The European priest also joins the queue by inquiring whether the family had had a proper wedding and whether the child had been baptized. On the other hand, the pearl buyers dream of how they will get favours from their boss when they presented the pearl while every member of La Paz dreams, including the beggars, of how the pearl will be of benefit to them.

Though Kino has plans about his pearl, the forces of evil against him are so intense that he ends up killing in order to protect the pearl and at the same time his family. Realizing the futility of fighting for the pearl; after his son is killed, Kino returns the pearl to the ocean and resumes his simple fisherman life.





We will be reviewing the following set Books As from March 2018.

  1. The Pearl – An optional text by John Steinbeck
  2. Blossoms of the Savannah by Henry Ole Kulet. The book replaces Dr Margaret Ogolla’s Magnus Opus The River and the Source.
  3. A Doll’s House by Henrick Ibsen. Interestingly, the book replaces The Caucasian Chalk Circle by the same author.
  4. Memories we Lost By Chris Wanjala an Anthology of Short Stories- an optional Text.
  5. Inheritance by David Mulwa- an optional play.

Look out for our analysis and thank you for the support even while we were away fishing.

Please note, our analyses are majorly focused on Kenyan set text for the 8-4-4 system. However, if you wish for any other reviews from other set books, kindly hit our inbox and we shall gladly help where we can. Meanwhile, Keep those questions coming.




noble child

Michael Abashwili is the heir to the throne of the governor. His mother Natella Abashwili shows cold love to him but realizes how important Michael is. The governor had entitled his estate to Michael.


The kid makes Grusha fall in love with him. Grusha feels an intense attraction towards the kid that she cannot leave him behind to die.


Grusha sees how helpless the child is and feels an obligation to look after him. She yearns to be of assistance despite the risks involved.


Even when he couldn’t speak Michael has a pull around him. When Grusha tries to pull herself from him, she finds it hard. While playing with kids he refuses to play his role as the governor and wants to be the one who cuts the Governor. Given he is the youngest, the other boys reluctant lets him have his way showing how influential Michael really is.